Gold topples off record high, dollar gets respite
LONDON (Reuters) – Gold hit a record high on Tuesday before the sheer scale of its gains drew a burst of profit-taking, which in turn helped the dollar up from two-year lows and kept equity markets subdued.
The precious metal had risen by almost $40 at one point to reach $1,980 an ounce XAU= only for a wave of selling to suck it back down as far as $1,915.
Gold is still up over $125 in little more than a week as investors bet the Federal Reserve will reaffirm its super- accommodative policies at its meeting this week, and perhaps signal a tolerance for higher inflation in the long run.
“Fed officials have made clear that they will be making their forward guidance more dovish and outcome-based soon,” wrote analysts at TD Securities. “The chairman is likely to continue the process of prepping markets for changes when he speaks at his press conference.”
One shift could be to average inflation targeting, which would see the Fed aim to push inflation above its 2% target to make up for years of under-shooting.
The retreat in gold took some steam out of stocks. Europe’s STOXX 600 and Wall Street future’s ESc1 both gave up modest gains to stand 0.25% to 0.5% lower after Asia-Pacific had eked out gains thanks to China .CSI300, Hong Kong .HSI and Korea. .KS11 .MIAPJ0000PUS.
Japan’s Nikkei .N225 finished down again, though, and E-Mini futures for the S&P 500 were back in the red after a 1.7% rebound from the Nasdaq had helped markets back up on Monday.
That rise was again led by technology stocks as investors wagered on upbeat earnings reports due this week. Analysts also noted the falling dollar helped, since more than 40% of S&P 500 earnings come from abroad.
The rest of the week will see 179 S&P 500 companies reporting second-quarter earnings, including Google, Amazon and Apple. Drug company Pfizer and fast-food chain McDonald’s are among the big names reporting on Tuesday.
Shoqat Bunglawala, head of European and Asian portfolio solutions at Goldman Sachs Asset Management, said his firm was now “neutral” on a cross-asset basis but there had been some positives from earnings.
“We have seen around 81% of firms that have beat expectations (so far), so although the expectations have been very low, at least they have beaten them.”
Graphic: Gold soars, dollar dips – here
DOLLAR IN DECLINE
There were also hopes a stimulus extension could be agreed in the United States. U.S. Senate Republicans were trying to complete details of a $1 trillion to $1.5 trillion coronavirus aid proposal before enhanced unemployment benefits expire on Friday.
The proposal could cut unemployment benefits to $200 from $600, which would be a blow to household incomes and spending power.
Some 30 million Americans are out of work and states are tightening lockdown restrictions again, a trend that has also dragged on the U.S. dollar.
Alan Ruskin, head of G10 strategy at Deutsche Bank, noted currencies had been tracking the relative performance of their economies, so that high-ranked economic performance was associated with stronger currencies.
“One clear pattern is how economies linked most tightly to China — including commodity producers as diverse as Australia, Chile and Brazil — have tended to perform better than economies most directly linked to the U.S., notably its NAFTA trading partners,” said Ruskin.
The dollar has been falling almost across the board for month. It reached a two-year low against a basket of currencies at 93.416 overnight before recovering to 93.975 =USD.DXY.
The euro EUR= dropped back to $1.1715 after rising to its highest in two years at $1.1781. The dollar had touched its lowest against the Swiss franc since mid-2015 CHF=. It also fell to a four-month low of 105.10 against the Japanese yen JPY= before squatting at 105.25.
The reversal in the dollar combined with the uncertainty over COVID-19 and the prevalence of negative real bond yields has propelled gains by precious metals, and not just gold.
Silver XAG= rose as high as $26.16 at one point, the highest since April 2013 and a gain of 33% in seven sessions, before sliding back 4% in London to stand at $23.5 an ounce.
Oil prices also tend to benefit from a falling dollar but have been hampered by worries about demand as countries impose more travel restrictions.
Brent crude LCOc1 futures edged up 4 cents to $43.45 a barrel. U.S. crude CLc1 eased 9 cents to $41.51.
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